How to open your own business in Poland: action algorithm
Ukrainians who have already arranged their own lives in Poland often think about opening their own business in the country. Learn more about what is required to open a business in Poland
You can open a business in Poland even without Polish citizenship. In order to conduct activities, it is sufficient for a Ukrainian to be legally in the country.
We have collected information about the main stages of starting your own business in Poland, as well as the necessary documents and useful contacts.
Who can open their own business in Poland?
A Ukrainian who is legally in Poland and has a PESEL tax identification number can create a business of any organizational and legal form under the same conditions as a Polish citizen.
Grounds for legal stay in Poland
For legal stay, you must have one of these documents:
• issued temporary protection status (for Ukrainians who arrived in the country after February 24, 2022);
valid residence permit;
• A Pole's card, on the basis of which you legally left Ukraine after February 24, 2022, arrived in Poland and declared your intention to stay in the country;
• a stamp in the travel document confirming that the person has started the procedure for processing documents for a legal stay in Poland.
PESEL number and trusted profile
In order to issue a PESEL number, it is necessary to submit a corresponding application to any commune administration in Poland.
Importantly! When receiving a PESEL, a Ukrainian who plans to do business must create a trusted profile. To do this, you must add an email address, mobile phone number, consent to enter information in the register of contact data of individuals and consent to confirm the trusted profile to the application on PESEL.
A trusted profile is created free of charge and allows you to confirm your identity and sign electronic documents when interacting with Polish state institutions.
It is thanks to the trusted profile that you can register a business online on the CEIDG portal (Central Register of Entrepreneurial Activities).
What are the forms of ownership of enterprises in Poland?
In Poland, you can choose one of the forms of ownership for your business:
• A private enterprise (an analogue of a sole proprietorship in Ukraine) is the simplest form of ownership. The advantages include: free registration, no amount of required capital, the entrepreneur has the right to choose the form of taxation and in some cases it is possible not to pay VAT. If the income does not exceed 2 million euros, then you can keep simplified accounting.
• A limited liability company is created by several shareholders. The minimum amount of authorized capital is PLN 5,000. Shareholders are liable for the company's obligations, but are limited to the amount of their contributions.
• A joint-stock company is also created by several persons, the authorized capital is from PLN 100,000. This form of ownership is characteristic of large companies. Such a business cannot be registered online, it must be notarized.
• A civil partnership can be founded by entrepreneurs or companies, therefore it is not a separate legal entity, but a certain contract concluded between the members of the partnership. Advantages include: ease of registration and the ability to choose a simplified system of taxation and reporting. Also, there is no minimum starting capital here. Later, the civil partnership can be re-registered into a company with a different form of ownership.
What is required for individual-entrepreneur registration?
How to register a business in the National Court Register?
Detailed instructions for business registration in Poland
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The simultaneous stay of visitors in the hotel lobby not more than one person per 10 square meters of serviceable area is allowed.
Persons can visit hotels and stay there (outside hotel room) only if they wear respirator or face mask (including homemade mask), so that the nose and mouth are covered.
Hotel guests are obliged to keep the 1.5 meters distance.
Online check-in making in advance is recommended to avoid queues at check-in to hotel.
Meals in hotels are provided through meals delivery service to rooms upon prior order or at hotel restaurants situated inside or in open areas, provided the distance of at least 1.5 meters between seats at adjacent tables.
Not more than 4 clients are allowed to stay at the table (excluding children under 14 years old). Unless these tables are separated by a special partition;
Self-serve is not allowed.