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23 Jul. 2023

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Outstanding people: which of the Crimean Tatars have forever inscribed their names in history

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Outstanding people: which of the Crimean Tatars have forever inscribed their names in history

Russian-Soviet repression and oppression have haunted the Crimean Tatar people for many years, but this has not prevented the indigenous people of Crimea from making a huge contribution to the science and history not only of Ukraine, but also of the whole world

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The Crimean Tatars are a people with a rich history and culture, and many of them have made significant contributions in the fields of science, history, biology, and other fields. We are going to tell you which Crimean Tatars have made a great deal of effort to improve literature, history, biology, and theater.


As you know, the indigenous people of Crimea have experienced repression and oppression by the Soviet authorities several times throughout history, and today they are suffering at the hands of the russian criminal authorities.


Despite the fact that Crimean Tatars often face difficulties, most of them continue to enjoy their native land and make a significant contribution to the life of not only Crimea, but the whole world.


Zora Ablyakimovna


A Ukrainian Crimean Tatar woman who became a prominent biologist, she was born on November 30, 1916, in the village of Kolchura, Feodosia district, to a peasant family. Her father was repressed in 1938 and died in the camps. 


Contribution to science:


- Ablyakimivna made the discovery and description of the "molting" of Black Sea fish.

- She was the first to study the chemical composition of a number of massive invertebrates of the Black Sea.

- She took part in expeditions on the Miklouho-Maclay ship.

- She is the author of more than 100 scientific papers.


Since 1953, Zorya worked in Odesa at the biological station of the Institute of Hydrobiology of the USSR Academy of Sciences. 


Agatangel Krymsky


Linguist, historian, orientalist, publicist - all these skills are inherent in one man, Agatangel Krymsky. Born in 1871 in the city of Volodymyr-Volyn, he was of Crimean Tatar descent-the founder of the Krymsky family was a mullah from Bakhchisarai who fled from the khan to Lithuania, where he converted to Christianity.


The gifted Agatangel studied at the Ostroh and Kyiv gymnasiums, at the Galagan College, and then at the Lazarevsky Institute of Oriental Languages.


According to various sources, the scholar knew 60 languages-French, German, English, Polish, Greek, Italian, Turkish, Latin, and others.


After his student years, Krymsky returned to Ukraine at the suggestion of Volodymyr Vernadsky to found the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. In 1941, he was arrested as "an ideologue of Ukrainian bourgeois nationalism who had led the nationalist underground for years" and sent to Kazakhstan along with other representatives of the Ukrainian intelligentsia. Krymsky died on January 25, 1942.




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Mustafa Dzhemilev


Ukrainian politician, one of the leaders of the Crimean Tatar national movement, Chairman of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar people in 1991-2013.


Dzhemilev was born on November 13, 1943, during the German occupation of Crimea in the village of Ai-Serez (now Mezhyrychchia). On May 18, 1944, the Dzhemilev family was deported from Crimea to Uzbekistan along with the entire Crimean Tatar people.


More than 20 years later, the Soviet authorities sentenced him to 1.5 years in prison for refusing to serve in the army. A few years later, Dzhemilev became one of the founders of the Initiative Group for the Protection of Human Rights in the USSR. In the same year, he was arrested again by the Soviets on charges of "compiling and distributing documents discrediting the Soviet state and social system".


It is worth noting that Dzhemilev has been defending the freedom and rights of Crimean Tatars for many years. To date, the prominent Ukrainian has been awarded various prestigious awards on behalf of different countries. This list includes such awards as the Order of Freedom, the Order of Prince Svyatoslav the Wise, the Order of Merit of Lithuania, the Turkish Order of the Republic, and the Nansen Prize.


Bekir Choban-Zade


Crimean Tatar scholar and Turkologist of Ukraine and Turkey, poet and writer Bekir Choban-Zade was born in Karasubazar, a town in Crimea, which was later renamed Belogorsk by the Soviets.


After the outbreak of the First World War, the scholar went to the front, where he was taken prisoner and taken to Hungary. There he began studying at the university and defended his dissertation.


Later, Choban-Zade was subjected to repression, which forced him to move to Baku, where he continued his research activities at the Committee for a New Turkic Alphabet. However, after a while he was arrested in Kislovodsk and executed in September 1937.


It is worth noting that the newly created Educational and Research Institute of Oriental Studies, which is a structural unit of the State Institution "Vernadsky Tauride National University, located in Kyiv since 2016, is named after Choban-Zade. V.I. Vernadsky Taurida National University".


We have compiled a small list of some of the prominent personalities of the Crimean Tatar people who have left a mark on history, science and culture. Each of them made a unique contribution to the development of their field of activity and continues to serve as an example for future generations.


Ukrainians are convinced that the country will soon be reunited with its native peninsula and the outstanding Crimean Tatar people will still be able to contribute to the improvement of our common history and culture.



Photo: RBC-Ukraine




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