How did the war change the portrait of Ukrainians living in Poland?
With the outbreak of war, a huge number of refugees arrived in Poland. At the same time, thousands of Ukrainians returned to defend their homeland. This movement changed the portrait of Ukrainians living in the neighboring country. Find out how Ukrainians in Poland have changed
The full-scale invasion significantly changed the portrait of Ukrainians in Poland. Thousands of men returned to defend their homeland, while women and children made up the bulk of the refugees.
How has the portrait of Ukrainians in Poland changed? We tell in more detail.
Which Ukrainians currently live in Poland?
The EWL Platform, the EWL Foundation and the Center for East European Studies of the University of Warsaw conducted the study "Citizens of Ukraine on the Polish labor market. New challenges and prospects." The survey of Ukrainian citizens living in Poland was conducted on March 4-13, 2023 in more than ten Polish cities. 500 adult citizens of Ukraine took part in the study.
The study revealed that compared to 2021, the number of Ukrainian men in Poland has almost halved, from 57% in 2021 to 31% in 2023. At the same time, the number of women has increased significantly - 67%. The main reason for this trend was the fact that the vast majority of Ukrainian refugees are women (92%).
Portrait of an average Ukrainian in Poland in 2023
As of the beginning of 2023, the average portrait of a Ukrainian in Poland is a woman with children, who works at a job below the level of her own qualifications, speaks Polish poorly and has certain difficulties adapting to new living conditions.
What is the average age and level of education of Ukrainians in Poland?
In 2023, there will be many more young Ukrainians in Poland. Almost 49% of adult Ukrainians living in a neighboring country are younger than 36 years old. For comparison, in 2021, 16% of Ukrainians aged 18 to 25 lived in Poland, currently 23% of them.
The number of people older than 45 years has significantly decreased, if in 2021 the indicator was 23%, then in 2023 it will be 12%. Unfortunately, this trend is quite difficult for the Ukrainian economy, because there is an outflow of young people who will be able to realize themselves in Poland.
The level of education of Ukrainians has also changed quite significantly, because there are much more people with higher education among refugees than among pre-war migrants. Many educated Ukrainians came to Poland. 69% have full or incomplete higher education, among pre-war migrants this figure was 46%.
Do Ukrainians speak Polish?
Ukrainians became less proficient in the Polish language. In 2021, 46% of migrants knew Polish well or even very well. Now this figure is 35%, while only 14% of refugees say that they speak Polish at least at a good level.
From which regions did the citizens of Ukraine come?
According to the survey, the largest number of Ukrainians came from the northern part of our country - 35%. In 2021, 27% came from the northern region.
The level of employment of Ukrainians in Poland in 2023
The results of the study showed that 78% of Ukrainians in Poland are employed - this is a very high indicator, because a large part of Ukrainians are refugees. Currently, 83% of those who moved to Poland before the war and 71% of refugees have a job. Experts say that such a high percentage of employment is largely related to the desire of Ukrainians themselves to work, as well as the implementation by the Polish government of a number of state programs to support refugees and businesses.
Photo: FORUM, photo: Krzysztof Zatycki
Our recommendation for a safe and comfortable trip:
Visit Ukraine Insurance - insurance for a safe stay abroad without unnecessary expenses;
Green Card - compulsory car insurance for traveling abroad;
Visit Ukraine Tickets - book tickets for buses, trains, and airplanes to/from Ukraine and between cities around the world;
Private Lawyer service - professional legal support on visa and migration issues;
Visit Ukraine Merch - buy patriotic clothing and accessories with worldwide delivery.
2 minWay to Victory
The United States is a strategically important partner of Ukraine, as its military and financial assistance is estimated at tens of billions of dollars. Find out why the events in Colorado made Ukrainians nervous and why Joe Biden's health is important for Ukraine
04 Jun. 2023More details
1 minFor refugees
Soon, the first foreign Center for Assistance to Rescued Ukrainians will open in the Czech Republic. There, citizens will be able to access the necessary information and specialized social and psychological support. Find out more about the services that will be available
04 Jun. 2023More details
Environmental protection is one of the most important responsibilities of humanity. That is why World Environment Day is celebrated around the world on June 5. Learn about how russia is destroying nature and the real state of protected areas in Ukraine
05 Jun. 2023More details
3 minWay to Victory
The European Commission's annual economic report includes Ukraine for the first time. According to experts, the Ukrainian economy has shown unprecedented results of resilience and development in the face of war. Find out what exactly surprised the EU and how it will help Ukraine to join the European Union faster
05 Jun. 2023More details
The simultaneous stay of visitors in the hotel lobby not more than one person per 10 square meters of serviceable area is allowed.
Persons can visit hotels and stay there (outside hotel room) only if they wear respirator or face mask (including homemade mask), so that the nose and mouth are covered.
Hotel guests are obliged to keep the 1.5 meters distance.
Online check-in making in advance is recommended to avoid queues at check-in to hotel.
Meals in hotels are provided through meals delivery service to rooms upon prior order or at hotel restaurants situated inside or in open areas, provided the distance of at least 1.5 meters between seats at adjacent tables.
Not more than 4 clients are allowed to stay at the table (excluding children under 14 years old). Unless these tables are separated by a special partition;
Self-serve is not allowed.