Come back

1 min

18 Oct. 2022


The Parliament of Estonia declared Russia a terrorist regime: what does it mean



The Parliament of Estonia declared Russia a terrorist regime: what does it mean

Support our team, which helps thousands of Ukrainians every day
Support our team, which helps thousands of Ukrainians every day

On October 18, the Parliament of Estonia adopted a statement in which it condemned the annexation of the territories of Ukraine and declared Russia a terrorist regime.

"Supporting the call of the Parliament of Ukraine to countries and international organizations, the Riigikogu (Parliament of Estonia - ed.) declares Russia a terrorist regime, and the Russian Federation a country that supports terrorism, whose actions we must oppose together. The Riigikogu calls on the international community to adopt similar declarations", - reads the statement published on the website of the Estonian Parliament.

Riigikogu strongly condemns the military actions of the Russian Federation against Ukraine and the illegal annexation of the territories conquered during the aggression, and declares that Estonia will never recognize the violation of the territorial integrity of Ukraine through aggression and fictitious referendums.

"Breaking the law can never make a law. Putin's regime, with its threats of nuclear attack, has turned Russia into the biggest threat to peace both in Europe and around the world," the document emphasizes.

In addition, Riigikogu supported the investigations initiated by the International Court of Justice of the United Nations and the International Criminal Court in order to detect crimes committed on the territory of Ukraine, and considers it necessary to prosecute those guilty of crimes of aggression in an international special tribunal.

In its statement, the Parliament of Estonia also condemns the use of armed groups created with the support of the Russian government and considers it necessary to declare the armed forces of the so-called "Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics" created by the Russian Federation, as well as Wagner's private military company, as terrorist organizations.

The Riigikogu supports the demand to deprive the Russian Federation of its status as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, and calls on the EU member states to be united in the application of additional economic sanctions and sanctions against private individuals against the Russian Federation and its ally Belarus, as well as to monitor strict compliance with the already imposed sanctions.

The Parliament of Estonia calls on EU and NATO member states to resolutely increase military aid to Ukraine, which is needed to resist the aggression of the Russian Federation and restore Ukraine's sovereignty on its territory within its internationally recognized borders. The statement also talks about the need to increase humanitarian aid to Ukraine and support the country in the period of post-war recovery.

The head of the foreign policy parliamentary committee of Estonia, Marko Mihkelson, announced on his Facebook page that during his speech in the Estonian parliament, he showed photos of two Ukrainian women who died as a result of Russian shelling.

Recognition of the Russian regime as a terrorist was supported by 88 Estonian parliamentarians, and none spoke against it.

The opposition proposed more radical measures

Representatives of the opposition Conservative People's Party of Estonia (EKRE) proposed a more radical version of the document. In particular, they called on the members of the EU and NATO to recall their ambassadors from Moscow, to stop providing asylum to Russians in the European Union and to deport those who are subject to mobilization, to close the border crossing on the Estonian-Russian border and to disarm the citizens of Russia and Belarus who are in Estonia. The parliament rejected these proposals.