Come back

3 min

06 Oct. 2023

7329

Nobel Week-2023: who got the prizes and what is known about their discoveries

Popular

Share:

Nobel Week-2023: who got the prizes and what is known about their discoveries

The Nobel Prize is recognised as one of the most prestigious awards in the world of science and culture, and its winners become models of outstanding achievement and an inspiration to others. Find out more about what this year's candidates have surprised the world with

Order Visit Ukraine branded merchandise and support Ukraine (worldwide delivery)
Order Visit Ukraine branded merchandise and support Ukraine (worldwide delivery)
BUY


The capitals of Sweden and Norway - Stockholm and Oslo - are hosting Nobel Week-2023. Every year this period is filled with anticipation, intrigue and hope for the announcement of the names of outstanding laureates whose achievements make a significant contribution to the development of mankind. 


As you know, the Nobel Prize is one of the most prestigious and respected international awards, which is presented annually in various fields of science, literature and peace. 


The process of establishing and awarding Nobel Prizes was established in accordance with the will of Swedish inventor and industrial magnate Alfred Nobel. Nobel inherited his fortune from his work on explosives and dynamite, and in his will he expressed his desire to use some of his wealth to reward people who had done "the greatest service to mankind" in various fields of knowledge.


We tell you who the 2023 laureates are and what is known about the discoveries that shed light on diverse aspects of our world, from medicine to literature, and leave an unforgettable mark on the history of our time.


Physiology and Medicine Prize


On Monday, October 2, the Nobel Committee announced the winners of the first prize in 2023 in Physiology and Medicine. They were Katalin Carico and Drew Weissman for their discovery of nucleotide base modifications that enabled the development of effective mRNA vaccines against COVID-19.


The work of these scientists helped create Moderna and BioNTech/Pfizer vaccines against coronavirus. They have made revolutionary contributions to enabling the effective use of mRNA for vaccines and immunotherapy.


Carico and Weissman demonstrated that the modified mRNA is non-inflammatory and very efficiently converted into proteins when administered to animals, opening up the potential to utilize this new mRNA technology for therapeutic treatments. Their research has shown that nucleoside modified mRNA can be used to vaccinate animals against a variety of pathogens including influenza virus, HIV, SARS-CoV-2 and malaria.


Physics Prize


Already on October 3, the name of the Nobel Prize winner in Physics was announced. They were scientists Pierre Agostini, Ferenc Krausz and Anne L'Houllier for experimental methods of studying the dynamics of electrons in matter.


The scientists conducted experiments that gave mankind new tools to explore the world of electrons inside atoms and molecules. They demonstrated a way to create extremely short pulses of light that can be used to measure fast processes in which electrons move or change energy.


Agostini, Crouch and L'Houllier made it possible to study processes that are so fast that they could not be traced before. They created fairly short flashes of light to take pictures of the very fast motion of electrons. 




Visit Ukraine on social media: Telegram | YouTube | Instagram | Facebook | Twitter | TikTok




Chemistry Prize


The Nobel Committee announced the winners of the chemistry prize on October 4 - they were scientists Mungi Bavendi, Louis Bruce and Alexei Ekimov "for the discovery and synthesis of quantum dots."


The scientists discovered and developed quantum dots, nanoparticles so small that their size determines their properties. They have unique properties and spread their light from TV screens and LED lamps. They catalyze chemical reactions and their clear light can illuminate tumor tissue for a surgeon.


Scientists believe that in the future, quantum dots could help create flexible electronics, miniaturized sensors, thinner solar cells and possibly encrypted quantum communication.


Literature Prize 


The 2023 Prize for Literature was awarded to Norwegian author Jun Fosse. He received the award for the fact that in his works he gives voice to those who usually do not have the right to speak.


At the same time, critics initially considered the favorite Chinese writer Tsan Xue. 


According to experts, the popularity of Fosse's works is due to the fact that he builds plots not on the strength of characters, but on their weaknesses - on insecurity, fear of death, lack of faith in their own strength. All these doubts are close to absolutely everyone, making Fosse such a sought-after author, representatives of the Swedish Academy said on the sidelines of the ceremony announcing the winner.


Fosse is 64, but his first novel, "Red, Black," was published back in 1983, and his first play, "And Never Separate Us," was published in 1994. Fosse writes in Norwegian, but his works have been translated into more than forty languages, and his plays are staged in many countries around the world. His novel "Morning and Evening" has been translated into Ukrainian.


Peace Prize


Many Ukrainians this year again expected to see President Volodymyr Zelenskyy as the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize. However, the Nobel Committee gave the award to Iranian human rights activist Nargiz Mohammadi.


Mohammadi is vice president of the Human Rights Defenders Center (DHRC), which is headed by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Shirin Ebadi.


In May 2016, she was sentenced in Tehran to 16 years in prison for founding and leading a "human rights movement advocating for the abolition of the death penalty."


During large-scale protests in Iran over the death of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old girl who was arrested by "morality police" for "publicly disregarding Iranian hijab rules," Norgess sent a letter from Evin Prison asking the UN to ban the Iranian government from sentencing protesters to death.


It is worth noting that the name of the winner of the prize in economics (officially known as the "Swedish Bank Prize for Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel") will be announced on Monday, October 9.


We remind you! On June 23, Ukraine celebrated the International Day of Women in Engineering. Visit Ukraine told about the outstanding Ukrainian women who have made a significant contribution to the development of science both in Ukraine and around the world. Read more about it here.


Photo: Jonathan Nackstrand / AFP


Want to know more? Read the latest news and useful materials about Ukraine and the world in the News section.




You may be interested in:


Visit Ukraine Donation - make a good deed and an important contribution to the Victory of Ukraine;

Visit Ukraine Legal advice - comprehensive legal support on entry to Ukraine;

Visit Ukraine Tours - the largest online database of tours to Ukraine for every taste;

Visit Ukraine Merch - choose patriotic clothing and accessories with worldwide delivery;

Visit Ukraine News - get the latest news and updates in our Telegram channel;

Cooperation - cooperation and advertising integrations with Visit Ukraine and Visit World projects.




© 2018-2023, Visit Ukraine. Use, copying or reprinting of materials on this site is permitted only with a link (hyperlink for online publications) to Visit Ukraine.

All rights reserved.


Recommended articles

3 min

Popular Why was US Speaker McCarthy fired and how will this affect support for Ukraine?

Why was US Speaker McCarthy fired and how will this affect support for Ukraine?

The resignation of the Speaker of the House of Representatives is a first in US history. Find out why the Republicans sought his dismissal for his support of Ukraine and how this will affect the country's financial and military support in the war against russia

05 Oct. 2023

More details

2 min

War Raid in Crimea and blackout in Kursk region: SSU and DIU conducted new operations behind the russians' lines

Raid in Crimea and blackout in Kursk region: SSU and DIU conducted new operations behind the russians' lines

Ukrainian special forces have inflicted significant damage on the occupants as part of new operations. Read more about the results of the Ukrainian fighters' attacks and how badly the occupants were hit

05 Oct. 2023

More details

3 min

Popular How and why is russia planning to use Abkhazia in the war with Ukraine?

How and why is russia planning to use Abkhazia in the war with Ukraine?

After Aslan Bzhania's meeting with putin, the former announced the creation of a naval base on the russian-occupied territory of Georgia. Find out for what purposes russia plans to use Abkhazia and how it relates to Ukraine's strikes on Crimea

06 Oct. 2023

More details

3 min

War The U.S. arms lend-lease is over, and Western weapons and money are running out: how does Ukraine plan to fight russia?

The U.S. arms lend-lease is over, and Western weapons and money are running out: how does Ukraine plan to fight russia?

In October, the U.S. Land-Lease Act for Ukraine officially expired, and NATO warns that the West has almost exhausted its military aid. Find out whether support for Ukraine will continue and what additional options the government has

06 Oct. 2023

More details