"A phenomenon of global significance": every 4th Ukrainian in Poland has already found a job
Since the beginning of the full-scale Russian aggression, about 3 million Ukrainians have left for Poland. Currently, about 77,000 of them have found jobs. Given that the Polish economy needs additional labor, the Sejm of the Republic of Poland passed a special law that allowed to simplify employment. Today, Ukrainians can apply to public employment services for training, internship and employment programs. Poland is intensively negotiating with employment agencies, public organizations, trade unions and is preparing another package of decisions that will allow Ukrainian citizens to work even more and more actively in Poland.
The PESEL database has more than 400,000 people who can work, which means that every fourth refugee has started working. According to Deputy Minister of the Interior and Administration of Poland and Government Commissioner for Refugees from Ukraine Paweł Szefernaker, today it is a phenomenon of global significance when it comes to refugees. This has never happened before.
From 77 thousand Ukrainians who came to Poland:
• approximately 47.5% work in industries, ie work for various enterprises;
• 10.3% work in the service sector;
• 8.5% work in office areas;
• 4% work as specialists in narrow fields.
According to statistics, more women than men were employed in Poland during this time. They mainly work in the food industry and logistics warehouses with a schedule that allows them to have time to care for children. In addition, most women consciously choose physical work to be able to psychologically "switch" after experiencing the horrors of war.
The largest number of employees today is in the industrialized voivodships: Mazowieckie with its center in Warsaw, Lower Silesia with its center in Wroclaw, Lesser Poland with its center in Krakow and Pomeranian with its center in Gdansk. Most of the work is in the food industry, such as fish factories and meat plants, delicatessen factories.
About one or two weeks ago, there were fewer jobs for women. Today, the situation is gradually changing, as the "high" season in Poland in food production, trade, logistics, tourism and HoReCa (catering: cafes, bars, pubs, bistros, hotels) began in April-May and will last until the end of November. Thus, the number of vacancies is expected to increase by 50-60% for women from Ukraine.
In addition, Ukrainians returned home before Easter, but most of those who came during the war and started working remain at their jobs. Only about 15% - 20% of people leave work and return to Ukraine. Ukrainians in Poland receive financial assistance from the state, and there are also free centers where they can live. However, Ukrainians are gradually adapting and becoming independent in the new country, as some of them are trying to rent housing on their own.
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