The number of Ukrainians who left for Poland exceeded 5 million people
The Polish border service reported that 5.5 million people left Ukraine for Poland since the beginning of the war. At the same time, the Western Regional Department of the State Border Service of Ukraine reports that Ukrainians are returning home en masse. Only in the last few days, more than 48,000 people came from abroad, of which 33,500 people returned from Poland. Since the end of February, more than 3.6 million of our fellow citizens have returned to Ukraine.
Poland has already spent almost 1% of its GDP on helping Ukrainians. 70% of Poles helped Ukrainians in various ways: they sheltered in their homes, provided clothes or hygiene products, transferred money to humanitarian funds, etc.
Polish and Ukrainian languages have a certain similarity, and therefore the process of adaptation is easier for people.
On July 25, 2022, the economic publication Dziennik Gazeta Prawna published the results of a study commissioned by the Union of Polish Metropolises, which unites the country's 12 largest cities. Analysts found that the total number of Ukrainians who lived in Poland before the war and arrived in the country as refugees after February 24, 2022 is 3.37 million people. That is, currently Ukrainians make up 8% of the population of Poland. The study was conducted on the basis of data on obtaining PESEL numbers, as well as new registered mobile phone subscriptions.
According to the analysis, the majority of Ukrainians remained in Warsaw and nearby cities, 15% of refugees live in the Masovian Voivodeship. In second place is the region of Pomerania - the largest cities of Gdansk, Szczecin, Gdynia and Toruń, because at the beginning of the war, it was here that the maximum number of places for refugees was allocated. Also, the second factor is that the enterprises of the region are currently looking for seasonal workers, and this contributes to the arrival of Ukrainians here. A little less of our fellow citizens live in Wroclaw, Kraków, Poznań and other cities.
In general, analysts of the Polish Economic Institute calculated that from the end of February to July 2022, 1 million 225 thousand Ukrainians registered in the PESEL system. However, this counting system does not provide the most accurate indicators, because some Ukrainians may continue to live in Poland without receiving a PESEL number, for example, expecting a quick return to the Motherland. This is observed mainly in the border regions. There may also be Ukrainians who received a PESEL number and returned home.
As for children, according to the Ministry of Education of Poland, as of today, the country's educational institutions have accepted about 200,000 students from Ukraine - 160,000 children attend schools, and 40,000 attend kindergartens. The ministry expects that this number may double in September. However, it is worth noting that many refugee children continue to study remotely in Ukrainian schools.
Ukrainians, arriving in Poland, also try to help the country that gave them asylum. The speed with which our fellow citizens take up work after settling in a new place is called "unbelievable" and "phenomenal" by experts. Currently, more than 300,000 Ukrainian refugees have found work in Poland. By paying taxes, Ukrainians support the country's economy. Refugees also rent housing, increase the consumer market, which also positively affects the life of the country.
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