How to go abroad for a man during martial law: all possible legal options
Martial law in Ukraine provides for a ban on travel abroad for men aged 18 to 60. But the ban is not total, there are certain categories of men who have the legal right to cross the state border during wartime. We tell you who can leave and how.
Departure of men with children abroad
According to Ukrainian legislation, men who independently raise a child under the age of 18 have the right to travel abroad during martial law. To confirm this status, it is necessary to provide the child's birth certificate and a document confirming the fact that the husband is a single father (decision to deprive the mother of parental rights, death certificate of the child's mother, etc.).
Also, men with many children who are dependent on three or more minor children have the right to go abroad during the war. To do this, you need to provide documents confirming paternity (birth certificates of children (three or more) or their notarized copies). This also applies to those men who have children from different marriages, but can provide documentary evidence of their maintenance.
Men who accompany a child with a disability or a child with severe and rare diseases, developmental disabilities, etc., can go abroad. The child's diagnosis must also be confirmed by relevant documents.
Pay attention! The departure of men to return their children from abroad takes place on the general grounds of departure of men who are subject to mobilization. That is, departure is limited.
Departure of men removed from military registration or temporarily unfit for service
Men removed from military registration based on the decision of the military medical commission on unfitness for military service with exclusion from military registration can go abroad during martial law. This must be confirmed by an appropriate document.
It is also allowed to leave Ukraine for those who are temporarily unfit for service, recognized according to the conclusion of the military medical commission as temporarily unfit for military service due to their health for a period of up to six months (with subsequent passing of the military medical commission).
Departure of men abroad for work duties
Drivers, railway workers, sailors, athletes, volunteers have the right to travel abroad during war, but under certain conditions. Men who are crew members of sea and river vessels are allowed to travel abroad.
Importantly! At the time of crossing the border, men have to work on these vessels. Read here about what documents seafarers need to cross the border.
Male drivers can cross the state border if they are transporting medical cargo, humanitarian aid for the needs of the Armed Forces, other military formations, as well as the population of Ukraine, in the presence of relevant decisions on leaving the borders of Ukraine and with information about the person in the relevant information system of The State Service of Ukraine for Transport Safety.
Drivers of companies that have transport licenses can also go abroad, but crossing the state border is possible only on a vehicle with a gross weight of 3,500 kilograms or more.
In addition, the departure of employees of railway transport enterprises, which ensure the functioning and uninterrupted operation of the railway, is allowed. This applies to employees of Ukrzaliznytsia and enterprises for which freight rail transport is not the main type of activity.
Regarding the departure of athletes, men who are included in the national teams of Ukraine in Olympic, non-Olympic sports and sports for persons with disabilities can cross the border; coaches from the national teams, sports referees and other specialists who ensure the training of athletes who are included in the national teams of Ukraine.
You can find out more about the departure of the above-mentioned categories at the link.
Also recently, the Government determined the mechanism for the departure of representatives of the aviation industry abroad. Corresponding changes were made to the Rules for crossing the state border by citizens of Ukraine by Resolution No. 1148 of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
Now aviation personnel, state inspectors for aviation supervision, or persons authorized to conduct inspections of the State Aviation Service, as well as employees of the State Aviation Enterprise "Ukraine" have permission to travel abroad during martial law, if they are going to work abroad or for training.
Departure of men with disabilities abroad
The government made changes to the rules for crossing the state border by citizens of Ukraine - persons with disabilities
The reference to the MSEK inspection report, according to the form of the primary accounting documentation No. 157-1/о, was excluded from the list of documents granting the right to cross the border to persons with disabilities. Because it does not contain personally identifiable information.
Now persons with disabilities (regardless of the group) have the right to cross the state border to leave Ukraine if they have one of the following documents confirming their disability:
• a certificate confirming the relevant status;
• a pension certificate or a certificate confirming the appointment of social assistance, which indicates the group and cause of disability;
• certificates for receiving benefits by persons with disabilities who are not entitled to a pension or social assistance, in a form approved by the Ministry of Social Policy.
Men with disabilities of any group have the right to leave the territory of Ukraine during martial law. For this, it is necessary to provide documents confirming the disability.
Attention! The departure of persons with disabilities outside of Ukraine is NOT limited by the number of crossings of the state border.
Read more about the departure of men with I, II and III disability groups abroad here.
Departure abroad of men living in other countries
Men who are citizens of Ukraine, but officially permanently live abroad, have the right to leave Ukraine during martial law. However, only on condition of documentary confirmation.
Crossing the border by Ukrainian men who have a permanent residence permit in another country is allowed if there is a stamp from the migration service or diplomatic institution of Ukraine in the passport.
Take note! Long-term and work visas of foreign countries do not confirm permanent residence abroad and do not entitle conscripts to leave. We talked about it in more detail at the link.
Men who have the citizenship of another country at the same time as the citizenship of Ukraine can cross the border with a non-Ukrainian passport. Customs control cannot track the presence of a second passport. However, note that dual citizenship is not allowed in Ukraine, so in case of obtaining citizenship of another country, you risk losing Ukrainian citizenship. You can learn more about it here.
Departure of male military servicemen who go for treatment as a result of war injuries
The government updated the procedure for sending defenders to health care institutions.
Mandatory conditions for crossing the border by fighters are:
- a conclusion on the necessity of referral for treatment abroad;
- a message from the Coordination Center for Emergency Situations of the European Commission;
- confirmation of a foreign health care institution that it is ready to accept a person for treatment.
For more information about the updated procedure and established forms of conclusions, see the link.
The simultaneous stay of visitors in the hotel lobby not more than one person per 10 square meters of serviceable area is allowed.
Persons can visit hotels and stay there (outside hotel room) only if they wear respirator or face mask (including homemade mask), so that the nose and mouth are covered.
Hotel guests are obliged to keep the 1.5 meters distance.
Online check-in making in advance is recommended to avoid queues at check-in to hotel.
Meals in hotels are provided through meals delivery service to rooms upon prior order or at hotel restaurants situated inside or in open areas, provided the distance of at least 1.5 meters between seats at adjacent tables.
Not more than 4 clients are allowed to stay at the table (excluding children under 14 years old). Unless these tables are separated by a special partition;
Self-serve is not allowed.